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Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally and is found in several Foods and water. Every day, minerals are added to and lost from the enamel layer of the tooth through two processes known as remineralization and demineralization. The tooth’s enamel layer loses minerals when the acids formed by sugars and plaque bacteria in the mouth attack the enamel. Minerals, for instance, phosphate, calcium, and fluoride are redeposited to the tooth when we consume food and water. Tooth decay occurs as a result of demineralization without adequate remineralization. Fluoride prevents tooth decay by boosting the tooth’s resistance to acid attacks which include sugars and plaque in the mouth. Fluoride thus will help to undo tooth decay. Fluoride is included in the development of permanent teeth in children who are under six, which makes it difficult for the acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also aids in quickening the process of remineralization and also reducing the production of acid in teeth which have already erupted in both adults and children.
Fluoride may be applied to the teeth directly through fluoridated mouth rinses, and toothpaste. Mouth rinses that have fluoride in lower concentrations can be bought over the counter. If one wants a stronger concentration, they have to get a prescription from a dentist. A dentist can also apply fluoride in their office as a foam, gel or varnish. These therapies have a greater level of fluoride than that present in mouth rinses and toothpaste. Additionally, there are fluoride supplements which are available in tablet or liquid form and the pediatrician, dentist or family doctor has to prescribe them.
It is critical that infants and children who are between six months and sixteen years are exposed to fluoride. In this time period, the permanent and primary teeth grow. However, adults also benefit from fluoride. New studies have shown that topical fluoride which is found in fluoride treatments, mouth rinses, and toothpaste are as vital in strengthening growing teeth as in fighting tooth decay. There are those who have a greater risk of experiencing tooth decay who’d benefit a lot from fluoride treatment. They include individuals with gum disease also known as periodontitis, those with dry mouth conditions, those with a history of cavities that occur often and those that have crowns or braces.
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Fluoride is safe and effective when used as instructed by the dentist but it might be harmful if consumed in high doses which are at toxic levels. For this reason, it is important that parents manage how their kids utilize products that contain fluoride. They have to to take precautions to keep fluoride products out of the range of the kids, especially those that are below the age of sixteen. More for this, excessive fluoride may cause defects in the tooth’s enamel.Valuable Lessons I’ve Learned About Dentists