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Difference between Dropshipper and Reseller in Online Business

The terms dropshipper and reseller are currently increasingly widespread and are often heard along with the development of online businesses. These two jobs are now often used as an alternative as a side job.

However, many people are confused when faced with these two choices. There are still many who think that the two are the same, but they are not. Both are indeed reselling other people’s products, but there are some differences between a dropshipper and a reseller in an online business .

Simply put, a dropshipper does not need to keep a lot of stock of goods and can even not stock goods at all, because when the seller gets an order, the seller immediately forwards the order and delivery details to the producers, distributors, or suppliers who have collaborated with him.

Meanwhile, resellers are those who resell products or services from distributors, manufacturers, or suppliers who have collaborated with these business actors. In contrast to dropshipping, here a reseller has stock of goods that he wants to resell.

The following are the differences between dropshippers and other resellers that you need to know.

Resellers Have Stock Items, Dropshippers Don’t

As explained earlier, the difference between a reseller and a dropshipper can be seen from the way they work. It can be said, resellers are similar to traders in general. They have to buy goods in advance from suppliers or distributors for stock. After getting a certain amount of goods, new resellers sell them to consumers.

As with dropshippers, the way dropshippers work is to offer goods to consumers first. Dropshipper does not need to stock goods. If you get an order, it will be forwarded to the supplier or distributor. Later the supplier or distributor who receives this order will send the goods to the consumer.

Resellers Need Bigger Capital Than Dropshippers

The difference between a dropshipper and a reseller also lies in the capital used. One must have sufficient capital to buy and stock goods. While a dropshipper only has credit or internet quota, you could say a dropshipper doesn’t need any capital at all.

Because the capital to become a dropshipper is relatively small, business capital can be obtained from pawning valuable items at Pegadaian. Valuables that can be pawned include gold, jewelry, and electronic goods. With a pawn, we can get capital and pay it off at any time or make as much installments as we can when we return the capital. But, don’t forget to extend the pawn so that valuables are not auctioned.

Resellers Can Market Products Directly

A reseller usually offers goods directly to consumers because the reseller has stock of the goods they want to sell. While dropshippers are not like that. Because dropshippers don’t have stock, a dropshipper can promote their products through social media, websites, group chats, and so on.

In this case, resellers will be superior to dropshippers because they have the goods directly that can be shown to consumers. In addition, they can also provide much more detailed information regarding the product. This can also affect communication and the sense of trust that is built to consumers.

More Reseller Online Business Advantages

In terms of profit, a reseller has a bigger advantage compared to a dropshipper . This is because they obtain competitive prices by purchasing large quantities from suppliers. With this, resellers can more freely sell their goods at a higher price difference. So that the profit margin obtained is even greater.

Meanwhile, dropshipper profits are much less or standard because they cannot manage sales margins.

The risk of becoming a reseller is also greater

The difference between a dropshipper and a reseller can be seen from the risks they face. A reseller has a higher level of risk of loss than a dropshipper because they keep goods in stock. If the goods are not sold, the reseller will suffer a loss.

While the dropshipper will not suffer a loss because it does not bear the risk of unsold goods.

From the differences above, it can be concluded that the advantages of being a reseller lie in the advantages, while dropshippers can avoid many losses because they are not the main producers, distributors or suppliers .

For those of you who are still confused about whether you want to become a reseller or dropshipper , make sure you know your goals in starting a business. If you just want to earn extra income or as a freelancer , then dropshipping can be an option. However, if you really want to build a business, then you can start by becoming a reseller . Have you ever imagined being a dropshipper or reseller?…

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Tips and How to Offer Products to Consumers

Consumers who are hesitant and tend to be afraid are common. Things we usually meet if you have to shop on the internet. Various cases of online fraud are also increasingly widespread. Making consumers sometimes quite anxious if you have to buy goods on the internet. Though the cost of shopping on the internet is a much more profitable client, from the trust side of most client still tend to think long if you have to shop on the internet.

As a seller must certainly prepare a variety of steps so that later can attract the client to want to buy their products through the internet. But how to make the client believe and believe that you as an honest seller and can be trusted by consumers? There are several ways you can do to attract consumer confidence for you who sell online.

Create a Special Website to Offer Products to Consumers

If indeed you are serious about becoming an online seller, you should create a website in such a way that certainly illustrates your company and displays the products you have. If you want to sell silk pajamas in your nightwear section of the store, you don’t want it looking scanty with just a few products. You want to make it contain assorted silk feel pyjamas for your customers to pick from. Make visitors sure that you are serious about selling your products by having your own website domain name.

Provide a Clear Profile

Most consumers when looking at a new store, not just online, the offense they will surely be wondering which store belongs to whom and sell anything? Well, in order to increase the trust of the client then do not forget to include a profile of yourself or your company profile and vision. Do not just name if necessary include your clear address and phone number or your company.

Update Products Periodically

One of the keys to convincing consumers is to continue to multiply the number of products. You will not be able to sell a product by selling only a few items. The more products you sell will certainly increase the level of trust from consumers.

Expand Network

The next way to be able to make consumers believe in your business or business you should do next is to expand the network and multiply the relationship. Do not forget to introduce your business too. The more people who recognize you, the more your business will become known to more people. Automatically people also already believe that you are a seller they recognize. So there will be no more feelings of worry from consumers because some consumers are your own colleagues.

You certainly can still explore yourself to convince consumers to want to buy your product. Success or failure of the above is dependent on your seriousness in running it. One more thing, doing the above ways the results will not be immediately visible if only…

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Tips on Starting a Sport Equipment Business

People tend to position the sport as a way of life. To meet these lifestyles, individuals definitely need adequate sports support equipment. Starting from clothes such as t-shirts, pants, and shoes to other supporting equipment (for certain types of sports).

Seeing the development of lifestyle exercise so fast, there’s nothing wrong dob you glance at sporting goods business opportunities. Sporting goods store business opportunity is promising when viewed from the margin that can be obtained. Then, what steps should be taken when you want to work in the sports equipment business?

Choose the Type of Sport

The first step is to select the type of sport you want to sell the equipment. For example soccer sport, meaning you to bring goods related to sports football. You can also choose other popular sports or a lot of loved people. Examples such as badminton, basketball, swimming, athletics.

Follow the Trend

As a sports shop owner, you should also keep up with the ongoing sports trends. For example, when the football season of the World Cup, you provide soccer shirts elite teams like the Netherlands, England, Germany, Spain. If there is a badminton championship season, provide rackets or Indonesian team shirts, because usually, people are interested in trying badminton sports.


The location of a sports shop can be in a mall, shopping mall, at the mall and the nicest is on the busy side of the road making it easier for people to buy or visit your store.

Giat Promotion

This promotion is very important for your store’s sustainability. You can do it online, install on Facebook, Twitter or create an online store. While the direct promotion is to go to sports clubs and give flyers or invite cooperation for the purchase of sportswear. Visit schools if you want to buy sports shirts, sports coats or training clothing. You also can run cooperation with the agencies for the provision of sports shirts or training clothing. Participate when there are sports events in your area. Can also participate in exhibitions or join a fair or night market in your area.

Supply of Goods

Make sure you buy a cheap item so when you sell it back the price can compete and cheaper than other stores. You should check at least three sports equipment suppliers and select the cheapest with the best quality. Try to establish cooperation with the store so you can make transactions via phone or can request an extension of payment time. You should always be diligent in searching for sports equipment suppliers or sportswear suppliers so that you have enough data suppliers.…

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General Article

The Benefits of Taking an HIV/AIDS Education Course

To reduce the risk of HIV transmission, everyone must be educated about HIV and safer sex. It includes people who are already infected with the virus and those who do not have it.

School-based HIV/AIDS education programs have been shown to reduce the use of unprotected sex among young people. However, a key challenge is that teachers lack the skills and knowledge to impart sensitive information about HIV and AIDS.

Increased Awareness

An HIV/AIDS education course is a great way to increase disease awareness. It teaches you about the virus, the impact of the disease on people, and the prevention and treatment of the disease.

It also teaches you about some of the common misconceptions about HIV. It will help you to spread positive messages about the disease and reduce stigma.

The training improved the teachers’ confidence and capacity to instruct students in HIV AIDS education courses. They were more likely to conduct HIV education in classroom settings and meet with other educators and community members.

The training also enhanced interactive teaching methods, which were much more common in the intervention area than in the control district. It is essential to encourage teachers to use these methods in the classroom.

Increased Knowledge

The increased knowledge that comes from taking an HIV/AIDS education course can help you to work more effectively with people living with and affected by the disease. You can give them the information they need to live positively, reduce the risk of infection and make it less likely that they will spread the virus to others.

Other groups, such as young people at high risk of contracting the disease, can also be educated using the knowledge. They need to know that HIV is not something to fear, but it can be a severe illness and should never be ignored.

While education programs can be successful, there are some practical barriers to their success. These include time allocated for a new HIV curriculum, availability of teachers, and distribution of teaching materials.

Reduced Stigma and Discrimination

One of the most important benefits of taking an HIV/AIDS education course is that it helps to reduce stigma and discrimination. Stigma and discrimination affect people with HIV, their families, friends, and communities.

For example, stigma and discrimination can force a person to leave their home and change their daily activities, such as getting a job or moving to another community. It can also make it difficult for a person to get an HIV test or to seek help for their symptoms.

An education course can also reduce discrimination among people not living with the disease. Knowledge about how HIV works and how not to spread it can help people avoid becoming infected.

Reduced Risk of Infection

One of the most important benefits of taking the course is that it can help to reduce your risk of infection. It is especially true for those whose lifestyle, drug usage, or other characteristics put them at a high risk of contracting a disease.

In addition to the increased awareness and knowledge that comes with a well-designed course, there are also other ways to reduce your risk of infection.

The most common way to reduce your risk of infection is to wash your hands thoroughly and often. It’s essential to do this when using the bathroom, coughing or sneezing, and after touching anything with germs.

Getting tested for HIV and other STIs is another crucial way to reduce your risk of infection. To ensure that their HIV status is not worsening, people who are at high risk for HIV and other STIs should get routine testing.

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General Article

The Benefits of Having a Notary Bond

It’s a good idea to have a notary bond before you sign a legal document. This will ensure that the notary you’re working with will carry out their duties ethically and legally. In addition, it will protect you from any unintentional or intentional errors.

Can Lead to a Claim

Notary Bonds are not insurance, but they offer a certain amount of protection. These bonds are designed to help notaries manage risk. They can be purchased through an online broker or with the secretary of state.

Notary bonds are not a substitute for E&O insurance. E&O insurance is a type of liability insurance that protects notaries from lawsuits and other financial blunders. This coverage can also provide compensation for legal expenses.

Notary Bonds are required in most states. If you work as a notary and your notary bond is not in place, you are at risk of being sued. In most cases, your bond can be up to $7,500. But the claim could be much larger.

A Florida notary bond is designed to protect the public and notaries. Specifically, the bond is meant to pay for any financial loss incurred due to a notary’s negligence. The claim might be filed against the notary, the surety company, or the state.

Protects the Public

A Notary Bond is an insurance product designed to protect the public. It is meant to be a financial guarantee and shield the subscriber from malpractice and other unethical practices. Some states require notaries to obtain a bond before performing notarial acts.

There are many types of security bonds to choose from. The best way to shop for a notary bond is to use a reputable and reliable insurance broker.]

Getting a Notary Bond can save a notary the hassle of settling a claim from pocket. In addition, a Notary Bond offers a line of credit from a surety bond company.

Another way to protect the notary is to purchase errors and omissions (E&O) insurance. E&O insurance is a legal defense to a notary’s actions in case of a claim.

Guarantees that the Notary will Fulfill Their Duties

If you are a notary, you must follow certain rules and regulations to protect your integrity. This is important because you may be held responsible for any ill-gotten gains or legal liabilities from your actions.

In addition to ensuring your integrity, you need to understand the procedures involved in notarization. These include determining the identity of the person signing the document. It is also important to verify that the signer’s intentions are clear. Often, you will be asked to confirm that the signature is accurate and that the document has the necessary attachments.

You may need to verify the signer’s identity using several pieces of identification. For example, you should show a picture of the signer or use a government-issued identification card. But your best bet is to use your own personal knowledge.

Notaries must notify the Secretary of State’s office within 30 days of any changes to their name, address, or commission. If a change has occurred, an amended Certificate of Commission will be issued.

Protects Against Unintentional and Intentional Errors

Purchasing a Notary bond can protect you from financial ruin if you make an error. These types of bonds are offered by insurance companies, which give you a guarantee that you will be paid if you are sued for making a mistake.

The Notary public serves an important role in society. It is their job to ensure that legal documents are signed correctly and that the identities of the parties are authentic. While notaries take the utmost care to complete paperwork, mistakes can still happen.

In most states, Notary Publics are required to carry a surety bond. However, notaries can also choose to get Errors and Omissions (E&O) insurance. Choosing the right E&O policy will prevent Notaries from being held responsible for third-party claims.

E&O insurance is similar to liability insurance. It can cover your professional assets, reputation, and legal expenses. But it doesn’t have a deductible. If you need to make a claim, the E&O company will pay you up to your coverage limits.

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General Article

Factors You Need to Consider When Looking For a Loan Company

When looking for a loan company, you need to consider some factors. These factors will help you to choose a loan provider that is suitable for you.

Credible lenders can be trusted

When choosing a loan company, you want to be sure you are dealing with a trusted source. You need to know that your personal information will not be shared without your permission. This is why you should use a website that specializes in comparing lenders.

A great site to start with is Credible. They are a reputable company that has helped millions of customers find the best offers for their needs. Not only will they show you the best options, but they’ll also make it easy to find a loan.

Unlike other companies, Credible doesn’t require paying to get an offer. Instead, it earns money by taking a fee from the lender you choose.

The website has an impressive selection of products, including credit cards and mortgage refinancing loans. Users can refine their search by features such as interest rates, terms, and repayment plans. In addition, the site offers educational content on key lending topics.


An asset is any property that is owned by a business. It is an important factor to consider when looking for a loan company like loan company Mississippi. Having an asset can help a company stay on top of debt in uncertain times.

Assets can be physical or non-physical. In the financial sense, assets are anything that is of monetary value, such as accounts receivable, inventory, patents, and intellectual property. These assets help lenders make lending decisions, so it’s important to understand their classification.

When you apply for a loan, you must provide assets to show that you can repay the money. If you cannot repay the loan, the lender has the right to repossess the property.

Depending on your needs, you can use assets for either short or long-term financing. Whether your company is starting up or needs a new line of credit, an asset-based loan can be a great option. Typically, the interest rates for these loans are competitive.

Cash reserves

Cash reserves are money that a person keeps on hand to cover emergency funding needs. They can help businesses prepare for unexpected expenses and protect them from major liabilities.

Business owners can use cash reserves to pay for repairs and new equipment expenses. It can also help support future expansion plans. However, it is essential to note that only some companies use cash reserves similarly. For instance, a person working at home may need fewer dollars than someone who works in an office.

To determine how much cash reserve is right for your business, consider how long you expect to operate. If you plan to stay in business for a while, it is best to put three to six months of operating expenses into your reserve.

Business plan

If you are applying for a loan for your business, you will need a business plan. The information you include in your plan will help lenders make an informed decision.

A business plan describes the type of company you are running, your goals, your financials, and the products and services you offer. It can also act as a guide for you and investors.

There are several different types of business plans. Traditional plans typically contain a lot of detail and are much longer than a lean startup plan. They can take several weeks to complete.

Lean startup plans are shorter and more actionable. These are often used by startups that need more funding.

Several different lenders may require a different section of the business plan. However, the basic elements of a business plan are generally the same.

Income requirements

There are plenty of income requirements when it comes to buying a home. Most importantly, the money you earn meets the guidelines set by your lender. You should consider applying for a smaller loan if you can’t meet them. This will give you a better chance of approval.

Typical income requirements include the minimum income requirements and the debt-to-income ratio. A low debt-to-income ratio means you can afford a larger down payment, which will lower your monthly mortgage payments. Lenders also look at public assistance, retirement accounts, and alimony or child support obligations.

In addition to traditional employment income, lenders may be willing to count bonuses. Typically, you must prove you’ve received the bonuses for at least two years.

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Elderly Care and Replacing the Other Workforce

Elderly Care and Replacing the Other Workforce

The “other workforce” seems either transparent or at least unaddressed by employers and politicians. After reading an article regarding workforce flexibility and care for elder relatives, I believe we missed at least a good portion of our workers. Who addresses the factory, service industries, and manufacturing groups for their needs with caring for parents or other relatives?

It seems every article addresses the workplace as if workers with aging parents could only work in an office with others around to take other work, or to work from home. I hope I missed how we address manufacturer’s workforce, but somehow the idea of working from home as an employee on an assembly line misses the headlines. The welder at the train yard, the pest control employee, the loader at the cargo dock cannot look forward to working from home. Flexible hours on an assembly line do little to support production.

I would love to think there are methods, but I can only think of a close relative that tends to two aging relatives. She, the caretaker, works as often as she can. She knows there are schedules for doctor appointments and other issues needing her attention. She adapts for those scheduled appointments, but flexibility only includes the understanding she requires periodic early release for unexpected sickness.

A friend cares for her mother, and frequently runs home during the day. She works in an office and has software at her house allowing her to work while caring for her mother. That is a great arrangement. It works for everyone. Suppose she was the lead mechanic and the only person capable of frame alignments on automobiles. How would she work other than normal hours?

When I graduated high school, I hired on at General Electric in Louisville, Kentucky. After a few years, I worked my way to a position known as “Replacement Operator”. My responsibility included knowing every job on my shift such that I replaced those workers missing for the day. This was not a “fluff” position because work never ceased in many areas so I remained engaged daily.

We need this concept on some level. Perhaps sharing employees through cooperative groups can create such replacements. The other issue about flexibility and allowing work from home is not all-inclusive. Many workers wish they warranted the attention and solutions of the office workforce, but somehow I think that solution may never surface.

At the very least, those caretakers need consideration.

Business Owner
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General Article

The Power Of Manufactured Landscapes

The Power Of Manufactured Landscapes

3D printing is a relatively fascinating technology in my opinion; the applications are very interesting and the technology is just awesome! I want to cover this manufacturing technology and how it can be used to create full color landscape models, but first let me cover the basics of 3D printing. The style of 3D printing I’m going to refer to is inkjet printing. Before anything can happen in this process, a blueprint has to be created. This blueprint will be developed on the computer by an engineer or designer of some kind. This design will then be sent to the 3D printer itself, where it can articulate the design into a physical model. For this 3D printing articulation to happen, layers of powdered material will be laid down on top of a build table within the printer. The 3D printing Inkjet, similar to one on a paper printer, will hover over the build table in accordance to the design, and bond the grains of material together with an adhesive material, and then it will use the ink to color the material. After the grains of material are bonded together and colored, another layer of material powder will be laid on top and the process will repeat until a final product is removed from the printer.

So, essentially inkjet 3D printing is the layer by layer assembly and bonding of material powder, as well as the coloring of material. Based off of this layer by layer process, incredibly intricate designs can be developed and created with very little geometrical boundaries to face. Layers of material powder will be laid across the entire build envelope, but only some of this material will be used. The excess material will be used to hold the product being created. This means that the product will essentially be “floating” within the printer, so it won’t need supports of any kind.

Through this color 3D printing process, intricate pieces can be created. One great application for this would be architectural models to present. This is great so that the architectural teams can bring a physical model to show investors and project managers. This applies for essentially any kind of product development or concept development teams in which a product manager would like to see where the project is going, or an investor would like to see what he or she is getting into.

Another great application that can come out of 3D printing would be 3D printing landscapes. In landscaping businesses this stands out for project managers and investors yet again. Being able to see the entire build in full color is simply fascinating. This could also apply to geophysicists trying to show prospects for oil and gas. Being able to see a full model and assembly of a landscape could really make an impact to investors. Physically holding a scaled down piece of property could help land a sale, a deal, or a trade that could cost millions of dollars. Just think about that, spending a couple hundred dollars on a landscape which could help land a sale for tens of thousands.…

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Renault and Peugeot in the News

Renault and Peugeot in the News

Battle ground is the best for brand’s comparison where you can compare two brands in terms of their features, services, offerings and other basic functionalities. Brand of any field can be easily compared with this platform. Among the car manufacturers in the market, people are found to be in somehow confusion that which brand car or spare parts of which brand will be perfectly suitable for them to have a comfortable riding experience. In battleground, however, such confusion will merely solve in an easy way. Two leading brands of the car manufacturing viz Renault and Peugeot are widely popular among the people and are in news today because their production and selling has reached down from the past year’s production and marketing.

From the March of 2011, the production or manufacturing as well as selling of both these brands dropped down to almost 30% due to shrinkage of the French market. It is well-known to everyone that the government authority of France phases out a new subsidy for the car manufacturer for the replacement of older cars by new one and this action of the France Government has laid to worsen the lethargic demand of the cars all over the world, affecting their production and selling.

CCFA Report on New Car Sales

As per the report of the French car manufacturing association i.e. CCFA, the main reason behind the declination of Renault and Peugeot new car sales was the increment in the petrol and diesel hiking prices all over the world. With increasing diesel and petroleum hiking prices, it is not affordable for a middle class family to own a personalized car and this led to the sales of new cars to decline 20% as compared to the previous years selling. Such increment in diesel and petrol prices also shrank the European and German vehicles standard manufacturing by 24% to 197,033 vehicles as compared to the previous years manufacturing.

Effect of Manufacturing in Renault and Peugeot

Both leading brands as a car manufacturer has notified a decline in their new car sales. Renault experiences a net drop of around 30% to 42,908 cars while Peugeot notifies a total decline of around 33% to 59,920 from last month. These two car manufacturers actually struggled more than other car makers in the world because both took rivalry action in their production against each other. French market analyzers also says that there will be around 8-10% drop in the new car sales this year because sales of other new cars like Hyundai and Kia brands are highly recommended with total increase of 43% and 29% respectively.

Otherproblems of Renault and Peugeot

Both car manufacturers i.e. Renault and Peugeot are forced to lower their fees on vehicles services like repaint and maintenance services in France. French Association believes that the market till June 2012 will be unfavorable for both these brands. Such actions like lowering of manufacturing and selling prices on such service will somehow be helpful for these companies to increase their productivity in second half season.…

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General Article

US Patent Liability Based on Foreign Sales or Manufacturing

US Patent Liability Based on Foreign Sales or Manufacturing

Direct Infringement.

Under Section 271(a) of the U.S. Patent Act it is unlawful to make, use, offer to sell, sell or import in/into the U.S. any device that makes use of a valid patent, without authority from the patent owner. To do so constitutes direct infringement.

It’s not always clear what constitutes U.S. sales. In one case, a Japanese supplier sold goods exclusively to a Japanese customer, but placed shipping labels on the products indicating a U.S. destination and otherwise helped facilitate importation by the customer. Nonetheless, a U.S. court found the supplier didn’t engage in U.S. sales.

However, in another case, the court found a supplier engaged in U.S. sales despite delivering the goods in Canada, because it sold them to U.S. customers. And in yet another case, the court found U.S. sales despite delivery in Hong Kong, because the supplier manufactured the goods with North American electrical fittings, affixed U.S. trademarks on the goods, and stated U.S. destinations on the invoices.

Patented Processes.

Even if a product manufactured overseas does not infringe any U.S. patents, the foreign manufacturer may be liable under Patent Act section 271(g) if it made the device using a process patented in the U.S. However, U.S. courts have repeatedly held there can be no liability under section 271(g) unless the goods are eventually sold in the U.S.

Active Inducement.

In addition to direct infringement and use of a patented process, Patent Act section 271(b) states, “Whoever actively induces infringement of a patent shall be liable as an infringer.” Inducement requires both (i) intent to cause infringement and (ii) affirmative acts to encourage infringement, such as by advertising an infringing use or instructing how to engage in an infringing use.

When proving intent to cause infringement, circumstantial evidence may be sufficient, including evidence of a failure to investigate, to explore design-around solutions, to take remedial steps, or to seek legal advice. However, courts have declined to find inducement liability where a product, despite having potentially infringing uses, is also capable of noninfringing uses.

In one case, the U.S. Federal Circuit held that proof of the requisite intent necessarily requires proof that the defendant knew of the patent. But the Supreme Court held in another case that “willful blindness” to known risks may be sufficient to satisfy the knowledge requirement. However, the vendor’s conduct in that case was especially egregious.

Contributory Infringement.

Finally, on a related topic, a vendor may be liable under section 271(c) of the Patent Act, even if it never makes or sells an infringing product, if it knowingly sells, offers to sell, or imports in/into the U.S. a device specially made or adapted for use in an infringing product.

Section 271(c) includes an exemption for staple articles of commerce capable of substantial noninfringing use, but such use must be more than occasional, far-fetched, impractical, experimental, or hypothetical. Also, to establish liability for contributory infringement, the plaintiff is also required to prove direct infringement by a third party, such as the vendor’s customer.

Of course, when pursuing a claim against a foreign entity, the U.S. patent owner must surmount potential hurdles pertaining to jurisdiction, venue, service of process, evidence, and ultimately – if successful – cross-border enforcement of the award. But, the fact that a foreign manufacturer or supplier never does business in the U.S. may not be a bar to liability under the U.S. Patent Act.…